Paris Definition Map Population Facts History Britannica

France | History, Map, Flag, Population, Cities, Capital, & Facts › place › France.

Aug 10, 2022 . France, officially French Republic, French France or Republique Francaise, country of northwestern Europe. Historically and culturally among the most important nations in the Western world, France has also played a highly significant role in international affairs, with former colonies in every corner of the globe. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the Alps and the ....

American colonies | Facts, History, and Definition | Britannica › topic › American-colonies.

In the 17th century the principal component of the population in the colonies was of English origin, and the second largest group was of African heritage. German and Scotch-Irish immigrants arrived in large numbers during the 18th century. Other important contributions to the colonial ethnic mix were made by the Netherlands, Scotland, and France. New England was almost entirely English, in the ....

Civilization - Wikipedia › wiki › Civilization.

History of the concept. The English word civilization comes from the 16th-century French civilise ("civilized"), from Latin civilis ("civil"), related to civis ("citizen") and civitas ("city"). The fundamental treatise is Norbert Elias's The Civilizing Process (1939), which traces social mores from medieval courtly society to the Early Modern period. In The Philosophy of Civilization (1923 ....

Human history - Wikipedia › wiki › Human_history.

Human history, also called world history, is the narrative of humanity's past. It is understood and studied through archaeology, anthropology, genetics, and linguistics.Since the invention of writing, human history has been studied through primary and secondary source documents.. Humanity's written history was preceded by its prehistory, beginning with the Paleolithic ("Old Stone Age") era..

The Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire - ThoughtCo › the-ottoman-empire-1435003.

Jul 13, 2019 . The Ottoman Empire was an imperial state that was founded in 1299 after growing out of the breakdown of several Turkish tribes. The empire then grew to include many areas in what is now present-day Europe. It eventually became one of the largest, most powerful and longest-lasting empires in the history of the world..